One of the most common problems that patients often complain of is an ear ache or a feeling of fullness in the ears. Hearing loss is a common problem that most people complain of as they approach old age. In order to understand what can be wrong it is important that we know the structure that we are dealing with in the first place. Because only we have a clear understanding about the anatomy can we at least begin to understand where the problem is originating and what we should do about it? And even understand how we can try and avoid the problem in the future. So first and foremost we have that part of the ear which is visible to the outside, which we can all see. The region where we insert the ear thermometer, most of the time in children in order to get a better assessment of the body temperature. This is what we call the outer ear, which consists of the pinna or the ear lobe in common terms. This part of our ear is line with skin and it consists of a tunnel like structure that is again lined with skin which end at the tympanic membrane. This tunnel like structure is almost 2.5cm in length approximately. The tympanic membrane is a clear transparent sheet like structure which helps to spate the structures of the inner ear from the environment. Because all oft eh structures in the outer ear are open to the environment. The tympanic membrane is what most people call the ear drum. Something that everyone knows about, because they have experienced pain due to swelling of this membrane at some point of their life.
The central ear consist of a cavity which is full with air and has three small bones lying inside of it, which are called the three ossicles. And they are named in the following manner – the malleus, the incus and the stapes. This air filled middle year can communicate with the nasopharynx in the esophagus through a pipe named the Eustachian can, which helps to regulate the pressure inside the middle year cavity. In the modern times there are Omron medical equipment which help us resolve middle ear problems with ease. Without the need for nay invasive investigations and so forth. The inward ear consists of the cochlea that aids hearing and the vestibule and the semicircular canals which help with balance in our body. So all of these are the structures that make up the ear, and there can be pathologies with any of them, which then give rise to the common symptoms such as hearing disturbances, ear pain and so on.